Preparing for kindergarten can be a stressful task for both children and their parents. With the school year approaching, you may be worrying about what to expect and how to prepare your child for their first year of classes.
Kindergarten is where children begin to learn about how they function in a group. They are asked to follow instructions, cooperate with other students, and how to convey their thoughts and ideas. It is less about learning their numbers and letters, and more about learning social skill that will help them later in their life at home and in school.
Socializing with Other Children
Since kindergarten is more about learning how to share and collaborate, children who already know how to interact with others do the best. Kids who go to preschool or spent time in daycare have this in the bag. Children have to learn to share toys in a group and play group games in these settings. If your child hasn’t had this experience yet, try joining a playgroup, or other group activity. Dance, music, gymnastics, or sports teams are great places for children to develop these skills. All while having a great time!
If you’re child is shy, think about the activities they will be asked to perform at birthday parties or in the classroom. Try to recreate these games at home with the family to help them get excited about them when it comes time to play with their peers. They may be more likely to get involved if you teach them how to play games like, “Musical Chairs,” Pin the Tail on the Donkey,” and other party games for children.
If you can’t get your child interested in any of these activities, bring them to public areas where there are other children. Parks, public pools, playgrounds, and libraries are great places for your child to make new friends and play games.
Learning About Themselves
Another part of the kindergarten experience is learning facts about themselves. Your child will learn how to spell their name, how to write their age, address, and phone number. They will also learn the names for various body parts. It’s good to help them to practice these facts before they get into the classroom. Some students will lose self-esteem if other children know these things and they feel behind. If your child has trouble memorizing, try singing songs with them. “Head, Shoulders, Knees and Toes,” is a perfect song for helping them learn the names of their body parts. You can also make up your own rhymes and songs to help them spell their name, or remember other facts.
Help Develop Fine Motor Skills
Writing is a hard task for young, inexperienced hands. It’s good to help them develop these fine motor skills before they pick up a pencil and start writing stories. Offering them tasks at home can help them build their self esteem and fine motor skills. Have them complete tasks that require them to be nimble with their arms and fingers. Have them help you open the mail, put away silverware, cook food, and tie shoelaces. I even bought my children their own tiny tool kits so they can help me when I need to hammer a nail or tighten a screw.
Another great way to help children develop fine motor skills is with art projects. Give them thick markers for drawing pictures, have them create sculptures with paper or other creative materials you find around the house or recycling bin.
Familiarize Them with Words
My first child was trying to read at a very young age. I had to buy two of each bedtime story because he wanted to study the words as I read them to him. He memorized every word of “Goodnight Moon,” and used that book as a key to try to read other books. That made him very successful when it came time for him to go to school. Not all children will have that curiosity, but if they do, support it. Some kids will even ask for more help, and there are workbooks you can buy for kids before they start school. Just don’t do it if they don’t seek it out.
Reading to your child is the best way to get them interested and learning about new words. When you spend time drawing with them, or showing them pictures, ask them to tell you stories about what they see. Another good exercise to try is having your child tell you a story. As they are telling the story, write it down. When they are done, read it back to them. Then they can try to read it to you.